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Title 1, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act, as amended provides financial assistance to Local Educational Agencies (LEAs) and schools with high numbers of children from low-income families to help ensure that all children meet challenging state academic standards. Federal funds are currently allocated through four statutory formulas that are based primarily on census poverty estimates and the cost of education in each state.
LEAs target the Title 1 funds they receive to schools with the highest percentages of children from low-income families. The school must focus Title 1 services on children who are struggling to meet academic standards. LEAs also must use Title 1 funds to provide academic enrichment services to eligible children enrolled in private schools. For example, funds support extra instruction in reading and mathematics, as well as after-school, and summer programs to extend and reinforce the regular school curriculum.
Under Title 1, LEAs are required to provide services for eligible private school students, as well as eligible public school students. In particular, section 1120 of Title 1, Part A of the Elementary and Secondary Education Act (ESEA), requires a participating LEA to provide eligible children attending private elementary or secondary schools, their teachers, and their families with Title 1 services or other benefits that are equal to those provided to public school children. These services must be developed in consultation with officials of the private schools. The Title 1 services provided by the LEA for private school participants are designed to meet their educational needs and supplement the educational services provided by the private school.